Non-Surgical Carpal Arch Space Augmentation for Median Nerve Decompression

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1 Scopus citations


The carpal tunnel is a tightly bounded space, making the median nerve prone to compression and eventually leading to carpal tunnel syndrome. Carpal tunnel release surgery transects the transverse carpal ligament to expand the tunnel arch space, decompress the median nerve, and relieve the associated symptoms. However, the surgical procedure unavoidably disrupts essential anatomical, biomechanical and physiological functions of the wrist, potentially causing reduced grip strength, pillar pain, carpal bone instability, scar tissue formation, and perineural fibrosis. It is desirable to decompress the median nerve without surgically transecting the transverse carpal ligament. This paper is to review several approaches we have developed for nonsurgical carpal arch space augmentation (CASA), namely, radio ulnar wrist compression, muscle-ligament interaction, palmar pulling, and collagenolysis of the transverse carpal ligament. Briefly summarized is the research work on the CASA topic about theoretical considerations, in vitro and in situ experiment, computational modeling, and human subject studies with asymptomatic and carpal tunnel syndrome hands.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number080801
JournalJournal of Biomechanical Engineering
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2023


  • Non-surgical intervention
  • carpal arch space augmentation
  • carpal tunnel syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Physiology (medical)


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