We introduce an on-axis deflectometry test configuration for axicon metrology. Axicons are challenging to measure due to their characteristically steep, convex geometry. However, if an axicon is coaxially aligned with a camera and a surrounding cylindrical illumination source, high-resolution surface measurements can be obtained via the principle of deflectometry. Emitted from the temporally modulated source, light deflects at the conical surface and into the entrance pupil of a camera, illuminating the full axicon aperture except the ø 0.5-mm rounded tip. Deflectometry measurements of a 100° and 140° axicon show holistic cone angle agreement within 0.035° against touch probe data and up to 7.93 root µm mean square difference from a best-fit cone. We discuss the non-planar illumination architecture, sensitivity, and experimental results of arbitrary apex angle axicons.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics