Non-LTE effects of Na I in the atmosphere of HD 209458b

Travis S. Barman, Peter H. Hauschildt, Andreas Schweitzer, Phillip C. Stancil, E. Baron, France Allard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


The recent announcement that sodium absorption has been observed in the atmosphere of HD 209458b, the only extrasolar giant planet (EGP) observed to transit its parent star, is the first direct detection of an EGP atmosphere. We explore the possibility that neutral sodium is not in local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) in the outer atmosphere of irradiated EGPs and that the sodium concentration may be underestimated by models that make the LTE assumption. Our results indicate that it may not be necessary to invoke excessive photoionization, low metallicity, or even high-altitude clouds to explain the observations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L51-L54
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1 II
StatePublished - Apr 10 2002


  • Planetary systems
  • Radiative transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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