[Nle4, D-Phe7]-α-MSH: A superpotent melanotropin with prolonged action on vertebrate chromatophores

Mac E. Hadley, John H. Mieyr, Brent E. Martin, Ana M. Ana, Victor J. Hruby, Tomi K. Sawyer, Elaine A. Powers, K. Ranga Rao

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26 Scopus citations


1. 1. The in vitro and in vivo reponses of integumental chromatophores to α-MSH and a related analogue, [Nle4, D-Phe7]-α-MSH, were studied in a number of vertebrate species: the teleost, Lebistes reticulatus; the amphibians. Rana pipiens, R. catesbeiana, Xenopus laevis. Bufo alvarius, and B. cognatus; the lizard, Anolis carolinensis; the rattlesnake, Crotalus atrox. 2. 2. The α-melanotropin analogue was a superpotent agonist in the in vitro frog (R. pipiens, R. catesbeiana) and lizard (A. carolinensis) skin bioassays. 3. 3. In all species studied, the analogue exhibited ultraprolonged melanotropic activity, both in vitro and in vivo. 4. 4. This melanotropin and related analogues should prove useful in the study of numerous physiological processes, particularly when prolonged melanotropic activity is desired.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalComparative Biochemistry and Physiology -- Part A: Physiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology


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