New Millimeter CO Observations of the Gas-rich Debris Disks 49 Cet and HD 32297

Attila Moór, Quentin Kral, Péter Ábrahám, Ágnes Kóspál, Anne Dutrey, Emmanuel Di Folco, A. Meredith Hughes, Attila Juhász, Ilaria Pascucci, Nicole Pawellek

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26 Scopus citations


Previous observations revealed the existence of CO gas at nearly protoplanetary level in several dust-rich debris disks around young A-type stars. Here we used the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) 7 m Array to measure 13CO and C18O emission toward two debris disks, 49 Cet and HD 32297, and detected similarly high CO content (>0.01 M ). These high CO masses imply a highly efficient shielding of CO molecules against stellar and interstellar ultraviolet photons. Adapting a recent secondary gas disk model that considers both shielding by carbon atoms and self-shielding of CO, we can explain the observed CO level in both systems. Based on the derived gas densities we suggest that, in the HD 32297 disk, dust and gas are coupled and the dynamics of small grains is affected by the gaseous component. For 49 Cet, the question of coupling remains undecided. We found that the main stellar and disk properties of 49 Cet and HD 32297 are very similar to those of previously identified debris disks with high CO content. These objects constitute together the first known representatives of shielded debris disks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number108
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 20 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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