A distinct subset of patients with peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) is described which reacts with Leu-19 (CD56), an antibody that has been shown to identify the neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM). These NCAM-positive PTCL patients (11 of a series of 46 PTCL; 24%) exhibited a striking predilection for unusual anatomic sites of involvement: central nervous system (36%), muscle (18%), gastrointestinal tract, and nasopharynx (27% each). Additional extranodal sites of involvement included the pituitary, thyroid, parathyroids, adrenals, and pancreas. The NCAM-positive subset also exhibited a characteristic phenotypic profile, with significantly lower expression of CD3 and CD5 compared with the NCAM-negative group. RNA transcripts consistent with the NCAM gene were detected in tissue samples from five Leu-19-positive cases using a reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assay, supporting the idea that Leu-19 recognizes NCAM in these patient samples. This suggests that the expression of the NCAM plays a role in the behavior and localization of lymphomas. Because of the unique clinical and phenotypic characteristics of this group it may be designated as "NCAM-positive peripheral T-cell lymphoma."
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - May 1 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology