Innovation in urban water systems is required to address drivers of change across natural, built, and social systems, including climate change, economic development, and aged infrastructure. Water systems are complex socio-technical systems that interact with biophysical systems to supply and reclaim water. We present a vision for enhancing urban water system resilience through a net zero urban water (NZUW) approach, which meets the needs of a given community with a locally available and sustainable water supply, without detriment to interconnected systems or long-term water supply. NZUW is an integrative approach with progressive targets assessed using a quantitative framework to expand adaptive and responsive solutions for urban water self-sufficiency. Decision makers can use NZUW to understand trade-offs between future interventions to urban water systems across spatial and temporal scales. We present the overall NZUW approach, drivers of change, applications, and research gaps.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Water Science and Technology
- Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
- Chemistry (miscellaneous)
- Environmental Chemistry