Near-optimal parallel distributed data detection for page-oriented optical memories

Xiaopeng Chen, Keith M. Chugg, Mark A. Neifeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Volume optical storage systems suffer from numerous sources of noise and interference, the effects of which can seriously degrade retrieved data fidelity and produce unacceptable bit-error rates (BER's). We examine the problem of reliable two-dimensional data retrieval in the context of recently developed soft-decision methods for iterative decoding. We describe a novel near-optimal algorithm in which each pixel on the page is treated as a starting point for a simple iterative procedure so that a highly parallel, locally connected, distributed computational model emerges whose operation is well suited to the page-oriented memory (POM) interface format. We study the use of our two-dimensional distributed data detection (2D 4) algorithm with both incoherent (linear) and coherent (nonlinear) finite-contrast POM channel models. We present BER results obtained using the 2D 4 algorithm and compare these with three other typical methods [i.e., simple thresholding (THA), differential encoding (DC) and the decision feedback Viterbi algorithm (DFVA)]. The BER improvements are shown to have a direct impact on POM storage capacity and density and this impact is quantified for the special case of holographic POM. In a Rayleigh resolved holographic POM system with infinite contrast, we find that 2D 4 offers capacity improvements of 84%, 56%, and 8% as compared with DC, THA, and DFVA respectively, with corresponding storage density gains of 85%, 26%, and 9%. In the case of finite contrast (C = 4), similar capacity improvements of 93%, 18%, and 4% produce similar density improvements of 98%, 21%, and 6%. Implementational issues associated with the realization of this new distributed detection algorithm are also discussed and parallel neural and focal plane strategies are considered. A 2 cm 2 λ = 0.1 μm digital VLSI real estate budget will support a 600 × 600 pixel 2D 4 focal plane processor operating at 40 MHz with less than 1.7 W/cm 2 power dissipation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)866-879
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1998


  • Distributed detection
  • Iterative method
  • Maximum likelihood detection
  • Optical memories
  • Parallel algorithm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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