Near Optimal Coded Data Shuffling for Distributed Learning

Mohamed Adel Attia, Ravi Tandon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Data shuffling between distributed cluster of nodes is one of the critical steps in implementing large-scale learning algorithms. Randomly shuffling the data-set among a cluster of workers allows different nodes to obtain fresh data assignments at each learning epoch. This process has been shown to provide improvements in the learning process (via testing and training error). However, the statistical benefits of distributed data shuffling come at the cost of extra communication overhead from the master node to worker nodes, and can act as one of the major bottlenecks in the overall time for computation. There has been significant recent interest in devising approaches to minimize this communication overhead. One approach is to provision for extra storage at the computing nodes. The other emerging approach is to leverage coded communication to minimize the overall communication overhead. The focus of this work is to understand the fundamental tradeoff between the amount of storage and the communication overhead for distributed data shuffling. In this paper, we first present an information theoretic formulation for the data shuffling problem, accounting for the underlying problem parameters (number of workers, K, number of data points, N, and available storage, and S per node). We then present an information theoretic lower bound on the communication overhead for data shuffling as a function of these parameters. We next present a novel coded communication scheme and show that the resulting communication overhead of the proposed scheme is within a multiplicative factor of at most {K}{K-1} from the lower bound (which is upper bounded by 2 for K ≥ 2). Furthermore, we present new results towards closing this gap through a novel coded communication scheme, which we call the aligned coded shuffling. This scheme is inspired by the ideas of coded shuffling and interference alignment. In particular, we show that the aligned scheme achieves the optimal storage vs communication trade-off for K < 5, and further reduces the maximum multiplicative gap down to {K-1/3/K-1, for K ≥ 5.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8754795
Pages (from-to)7325-7349
Number of pages25
JournalIEEE Transactions on Information Theory
Volume65
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2019

Keywords

  • Coded data shuffling
  • coded multi-casting
  • distributed computing
  • distributed learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Library and Information Sciences

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