NEAR-INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY of the Y0 WISEP J173835.52+273258.9 and the Y1 WISE J035000.32-565830.2: The IMPORTANCE of NON-EQUILIBRIUM CHEMISTRY

S. K. Leggett, P. Tremblin, D. Saumon, M. S. Marley, Caroline V. Morley, D. S. Amundsen, I. Baraffe, G. Chabrier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


We present new near-infrared spectra, obtained at Gemini Observatory, for two Y dwarfs: WISE J035000.32-565830.2 (W0350) and WISEP J173835.52+273258.9 (W1738). A FLAMINGOS-2 R = 540 spectrum was obtained for W0350, covering 1.0 < λ μm < 1.7, and a cross-dispersed Gemini near-infrared spectrograph R = 2800 spectrum was obtained for W1738, covering 0.993-1.087 μm, 1.191-1.305 μm, 1.589-1.631 μm, and 1.985-2.175 μm, in four orders. We also present revised YJH photometry for W1738, using new NIRI Y and J imaging, and a re-analysis of the previously published NIRI H-band images. We compare these data, together with previously published data for late-T and Y dwarfs, to cloud-free models of solar metallicity, calculated both in chemical equilibrium and with disequilibrium driven by vertical transport. We find that for the Y dwarfs, the non-equilibrium models reproduce the near-infrared data better than the equilibrium models. The remaining discrepancies suggest that fine-tuning the CH4/CO and NH3/N2 balance is needed. Improved trigonometric parallaxes would improve the analysis. Despite the uncertainties and discrepancies, the models reproduce the observed near-infrared spectra well. We find that for the Y0, W1738, Teff = 425 ± 25K, and log g = 4.0 ± 0.25, and for the Y1, W0350, Teff = 350 ± 25K, and log g = 4.0 ± 0.25 W1738 may be metal-rich. Based on evolutionary models, these temperatures and gravities correspond to a mass range for both Y dwarfs of 3-9 Jupiter masses, with W0350 being a cooler, slightly older, version of W1738; the age of W0350 is 0.3-3 Gyr, and the age of W1738 is 0.15-1 Gyr.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jun 10 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • brown dwarfs
  • molecular processes
  • stars: atmospheres
  • stars: individual

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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