The gain of N-cadherin expression in carcinomas has been shown to be important in the regulation of cell migration, invasion, and survival. Here, we show that N-cadherin mRNA expression in PC-3 prostate carcinoma cells is dependent on β1 integral-mediated cell adhesion to fibronectin and the basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor Twist1. Depletion of Twist1 mRNA by small interfering RNA resulted in decreased expression of both Twist1 and N-cadherin and the inhibition of cell migration. Whereas Twist1 gene expression was independent of β1 integrin-mediated adhesion, Twist1 protein failed to accumulate in the nuclei of cells cultured in anchorage-independent conditions. The increased nuclear accumulation of Twist1 following cell attachment was suppressed by treatment with an inhibitor of Rho kinase or a β1 integrin neutralizing antibody. The effect of Twist1 on induction of N-cadherin mRNA required an E-box cis-element located within the first intron (+2,627) of the N-cadherin gene. These data raise the possibility that integrin-mediated adhesion to interstitial matrix proteins during metastasis differentially regulates the nuclear/cytoplasmic translocation and DNA binding of Twist1, activating N-cadherin transcription.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research