Myeloperoxidase in human intracranial aneurysms: Preliminary evidence

Matthew J. Gounis, Srinivasan Vedantham, John P. Weaver, Ajit S. Puri, Christopher S. Brooks, Ajay K. Wakhloo, Alexei A. Bogdanov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE-: Noninvasive imaging identifying a predictive biomarker of the bleeding risk of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) is needed. We investigated a potential biomarker of UIA instability, myeloperoxidase, in human aneurysm tissue. METHODS-: Human brain aneurysms were harvested after clipping and were histologically and biochemically evaluated for the presence of myeloperoxidase. Of the tissue collected, 3 were from ruptured aneurysms and 20 were from UIAs. For each UIA, its 5-year aneurysm rupture risk was determined using the Population, Hypertension, Age, Size of Aneurysm, Earlier Subarachnoid Hemorrhage From Another Aneurysm and Site of Aneurysm (PHASES) model. RESULTS-: All ruptured aneurysms were myeloperoxidase positive. Of the UIAs, half were myeloperoxidase positive. The median 5-year aneurysm rupture risk was higher for myeloperoxidase-positive UIA (2.28%) than myeloperoxidase-negative UIA (0.69%), and the distributions were statistically different (P<0.005, Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test). The likelihood for myeloperoxidase-positive UIA was significantly associated (P=0.031) with aneurysm rupture risk (odds ratio, 4.79; 95% confidence limits, 1.15-19.96). CONCLUSIONS-: Myeloperoxidase is associated with PHASES estimated risk of aneurysm rupture and may potentially be used as an imaging biomarker of aneurysm instability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1474-1477
Number of pages4
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Biomarker
  • Inflammation
  • Intracranial aneurysm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


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