Mutation of p53 in recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma and its association with the expression of ZBP-89

George G. Chen, Juanita L. Merchant, Paul B.S. Lai, Rocky L.K. Ho, Xu Hu, Morihiro Okada, Sheng F. Huang, Albert K.K. Chui, David J. Law, Yong G. Li, Wan Y. Lau, Arthur K.C. Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


p53 has recently been identified as a downstream target of ZBP-89, a zinc finger transcription factor. ZBP-89 promotes growth arrest through stabilization of the p53 protein. The aim of this study is to determine the status of the p53 gene in recurrent human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and test the link between the expression of ZBP-89 and the p53 gene. The results showed that mutations in the p53 gene were frequently detected in recurrent HCC. The interval between surgical resection and the recurrence of HCC was significantly longer in patients with the wild-type p53 gene than those with mutations, strongly suggesting a pathological role for the mutant p53 gene in HCC recurrence. Among those positive for the p53 protein, nearly 85% (18 of 21) showed nuclear localization of the p53 protein while only about 14% (3 of 21) were positive for the p53 protein in the cytoplasm. ZBP-89 co-localized with p53 in the nucleus in about 67% (12 of 18) of all cases positive for the nuclear p53 protein, suggesting that ZBP-89 may play a role in the nuclear accumulation of the p53 protein in a subset of recurrent HCC. With accumulation of p53 protein in the nucleus, tumor cells undergo apoptosis and thus are more susceptible to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Therefore, co-localization of p53 protein with ZBP-89 may define a subgroup of recurrent HCC that is more sensitive to treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1823-1829
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Mutation of p53 in recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma and its association with the expression of ZBP-89'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this