Must figure-ground organization precede object recognition? An Assumption in Peril

Mary A. Peterson, Bradley S. Gibson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

208 Scopus citations


The assumption that figure-ground segmentation must precede object or shape recognition has been central to theories of visual perception We showed that assumption to be incorrect in an experiment in which observers reported the first perceived figure-ground organization of briefly exposed stimuli depicting two regions sharing a figure-ground border We manipulated the symmetry of the two regions and their orientation-dependent denotivity (roughly, their meaningfulness), and measured how each of these variables influenced figure-ground reports when the stimuli were exposed for 14, 28, 57, 86, or 100 ms, and followed immediately by a mask Influences on figure-ground organization from both symmetry and orientation-dependent object recognition processes were found, both were observed first in the 28-ms condition Object recognition inputs did not dominate symmetry inputs We suggest that object recognition processes may operate simultaneously on both sides of edges detected before figure-ground relationships are determined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)253-259
Number of pages7
JournalPsychological Science
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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