Municipal wastewater sludge: The potential public health impacts of common pathogens

L. Fradkin, C. P. Gerba, S. M. Goyal, P. Scarpino, R. J.F. Bruins, J. F. Stara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Municipal wastewater sludges are known to contain microorganisms capable of causing serious illness and mortality in man. Many of these organisms are responsible for waterborne diseases in the United States today. The number of documented cases of waterborne disease has been on the increase for almost two decades. Thus, it is essential that methodologies be developed to assess risks from microorganisms during sludge disposal so that appropriate criteria can be developed for their management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)148-159
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of environmental health
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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