Multispectral camera design and algorithms for python snake detection in the Florida Everglades

Gonzalo Vaca-Castano, Ronald Driggers, Orges Furxhi, Carl Arvidson, Frank Mazzotti

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The Burmese Python has invaded the Florida Everglades where the estimate of pythons is around 150,000 and rapidly growing. Pythons were released as unwanted pets in South Florida and now they are an apex invasive species. As a result, the local fauna population has been largely decimated, and there is an increasing concern about python migration to northern latitudes. Working with a team interested in developing a python detection camera, we have taken hyperspectral and multispectral reflectivity measurements of Brumese Pythons in the visible and near infrared bands (VisNIR). The results show that some VisNIR reflectivity bands can be used to automatically discriminate pythons in the wild. This paper discusses the results of our data collections and provides a camera design process that includes a band selection algorithm and pixel-level classification using machine learning. Additionally, we show a visual enhancement alternative that helps to identify pythons in realistic conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAlgorithms, Technologies, and Applications for Multispectral and Hyperspectral Imagery XXV
EditorsMiguel Velez-Reyes, David W. Messinger
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510626379
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes
EventAlgorithms, Technologies, and Applications for Multispectral and Hyperspectral Imagery XXV 2019 - Baltimore, United States
Duration: Apr 16 2019Apr 18 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume10986
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

ConferenceAlgorithms, Technologies, and Applications for Multispectral and Hyperspectral Imagery XXV 2019
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityBaltimore
Period4/16/194/18/19

Keywords

  • Burmese Python
  • Detection
  • Everglades
  • Machine learning
  • Multispectral

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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