Multiple signal transduction pathways mediate c-Jun protein phosphorylation.

C. C. Franklin, T. Unlap, V. Adler, A. S. Kraft

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


A variety of protein kinases, including pp42 and pp54 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases, p34cdc2, and a partially purified protein kinase from 4 beta-phorbol 12-myristate 13 alpha-acetate (PMA)-treated U937 cells have been shown to phosphorylate the NH2-terminal activation domain of c-Jun in vitro. To investigate the role of pp42 MAP kinase in mediating c-Jun phosphorylation in vivo, we have treated U937 monocytic leukemia cells with a variety of pharmacological agents, including PMA, cycloheximide, AIF4, and okadaic acid. Although all of these agents stimulated c-Jun phosphorylation, cycloheximide and okadaic acid had no effect on pp42 MAP kinase phosphorylation, suggesting that MAP kinase activation was not necessary for c-Jun phosphorylation in vivo. Because dominant-negative RasAsn17 has been shown to block the effects of PMA on pp42 MAP kinase phosphorylation, we assessed its effect on c-Jun phosphorylation by cotransfection with a truncated c-Jun construct (c-Jun234). We found that c-Jun234 was expressed only in the cytosol and was inducibly phosphorylated with kinetics similar to those of endogenous nuclear c-Jun. Furthermore, we found that RasAsn17 had no effect on PMA-induced phosphorylation of c-Jun234. Because Ha-Ras requires isoprenylation for membrane binding, we examined the effect of the isoprenylation inhibitors lovastatin and perillic acid on PMA-induced c-Jun phosphorylation. Pretreatment of U937 cells with these agents had no effect on PMA-induced c-Jun or pp42 MAP kinase phosphorylation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-385
Number of pages9
JournalCell growth & differentiation : the molecular biology journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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