Multifaceted Chemical Thinking: A Core Competence

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Chemical thinking is a powerful tool for making sense of the material world and acting on it. But developing competence in chemical thinking may be challenging for students as it varies in several dimensions. This contribution seeks to guide and help chemistry educators in the design of learning experiences that support the development of "multifaceted chemical thinking"by identifying and describing different dimensions along which chemical reasoning may vary, and by discussing how to foster such a competence. In particular, the article elaborates on how chemical reasoning varies along six dimensions named Granularity, Dimension, Frame, Basis, Mode, and Focus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3450-3456
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Chemical Education
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 9 2021


  • Curriculum
  • General Public
  • Problem Solving/Decision Making
  • Student-Centered Learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Education


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