Multi-detector CT angiography for the assessment of anterior spinal artery and artery of Adamkiewicz patency in patients suspected of having thoracic aortic pathology

Shaohong Zhao, Laura Logan, Pamela Schraedley, Geoffrey D. Rubin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the visualization of the anterior spinal artery (ASA) and the artery of Adamkiewicz (AKA) as well as the affecting factors for the detection rate using multidetector row CT (MDCT). Methods: Ninety-nine consecutive patients (31 women and 68 men; age range, 25-90 years; average age 61.3 years) with suspicion for thoracic aortic lesions necessitating surgical intervention (31 aortic aneurysm, 45 dissection, 5 intramural hematoma, and 18 normal), underwent 16-slice MDCT angiography from the aortic arch to the aortic bifurcation. Transverse sections, multiplanar reformations (MPR) and thin maximum intensity projections (MIP) were used to assess the ASA and AKA. The level of the ASA and AKA origins and CT acquisition parameters were recorded. The contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of the image, an index of the mass of the T11 body (vertebral mass index), the subcutaneous fat thickness, and the CT value within the aortic arch and at the T11 level were measured. The detection of the ASA and AKA was evaluated relative to the acquisition parameters, scan characteristics, and aortic lesion type. Differences were assessed with Wilcoxon rank-sum and t tests. Results: The ASA was visualized in 51 patients (52%) and the AKA in 18 patients (18%). The ASA was identified in 36/67 (54%) patients with 1.25 mm thickness and in 15/32 (47%) patients with 2.5-3.0 mm thickness. This difference did not achieve significance (P=0.13). The detection rate of the ASA and the AKA was influenced by vertebral mass index and the CNR (P<0.05). The amount of subcutaneous fat affected the detection rate of the ASA (P<0.05) but not the AKA. In CT scans with ASA detection, the mean CT values in the aorta at the arch and at T11 were 360 and 358 HU, respectively; whereas in CT scans without ASA detection, the CT values in the aorta at the arch and at T11 were lower (297 and 317 HU, respectively; both P<0.05). Conclusion: The ASA and AKA were less frequently detected in our cohorts than previous reports. The visualization of the ASA and AKA was significantly affected by aortic enhancement, the "vertebral mass index", and the CNR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)52-56
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Geriatric Cardiology
Volume3
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aneurysm, aortic
  • Angiography
  • Arteries, Adamkiewicz
  • Arteries, spinal
  • Computed tomography (CT)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Multi-detector CT angiography for the assessment of anterior spinal artery and artery of Adamkiewicz patency in patients suspected of having thoracic aortic pathology'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this