Mosaiced and high line frequency VPH gratings for astronomy

Pierre Alexandre Blanche, Patrick Gailly, Serge Habraken, Philippe Lemaire, Claude Jamar

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


To increase the size of the volume phase holographic gratings the Centre Spatial de Liège can produce, mosaic technic has been tested and characterized. This method consists of assembling VPH gratings recorded and processed independently into one larger grating. By this way, the final grating size becomes virtually unlimited and dispersive elements can accommodate the largest telescope beams. The second research line about VPH gratings was the high line frequency domain: v > 3000 lp/mm. Actually, for these frequencies, diffraction according to TE and TM modes is maximum for different wavelengths. However, it is possible to tune the index modulation to three times what is usually required to use the first diffraction TE peak. In this case, the second TE maximum matches the first TM maximum and unpolarized light is so entirely diffracted. This article also summarizes our prospects in the field of very high index modulation gratings where >n as high as 0.14 has been reached; cryogenic temperature operation for which we have demonstrated our VPH gratings stand -180°C without any Blaze modification; and wavefront correction by post-polishing to minimize diffracted beam aberrations. With this latter technique, λ/6 wavefront over 10 cm diameter has been obtained in the first trial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)208-216
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - 2004
EventOptical Fabrication, Metrology, and Materials Advancements for Telescopes - Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: Jun 24 2004Jun 25 2004


  • Dichromated gelatine
  • Grating
  • Holography
  • Spectrograph

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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