## Abstract

We consider general, steady, balanced flows of a commodity over a network where an instance of the network flow is characterized by edge flows and nodal potentials. Edge flows in and out of a node are assumed to be conserved, thus representing standard network flow relations. The remaining freedom in the flow distribution over the network is constrained by potentials so that the difference of potentials at the head and the tail of an edge is expressed as a nonlinear function of the edge flow. We consider networks with nodes divided into three categories: sources that inject flows into the network for a certain cost, terminals which buy the flow at a fixed price, and internal customers each withdrawing an uncertain amount of flow, which has a priority and thus it is not priced. Our aim is to operate the network such that the profit, i.e. amount of flow sold to terminals minus cost of injection, is maximized, while maintaining the potentials within prescribed bounds. We also require that the operating point is robust with respect to the uncertainty of internal customers' withdrawal. In this setting we prove that potentials are monotonic functions of the withdrawals. This observation enables us to replace in the maximum profit optimization infinitely many nodal constraints, each representing a particular value of withdrawal uncertainty, by only two constraints representing the cases where all nodes with uncertainty consume their minimum and maximum amounts respectively. We illustrate this general result on an example of the natural gas transmission network. In this enabling example, gas withdrawals by internal customers are assumed uncertain, the potentials are gas pressures squared, the potential drop functions are bilinear in the flow and its intensity with an added tunable factor representing compression.

Original language | English (US) |
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Title of host publication | 54rd IEEE Conference on Decision and Control,CDC 2015 |

Publisher | Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. |

Pages | 4571-4578 |

Number of pages | 8 |

ISBN (Electronic) | 9781479978861 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Feb 8 2015 |

Externally published | Yes |

Event | 54th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, CDC 2015 - Osaka, Japan Duration: Dec 15 2015 → Dec 18 2015 |

### Publication series

Name | Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Decision and Control |
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Volume | 54rd IEEE Conference on Decision and Control,CDC 2015 |

ISSN (Print) | 0743-1546 |

ISSN (Electronic) | 2576-2370 |

### Conference

Conference | 54th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, CDC 2015 |
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Country/Territory | Japan |

City | Osaka |

Period | 12/15/15 → 12/18/15 |

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Control and Systems Engineering
- Modeling and Simulation
- Control and Optimization