Monotone Drawings of Graphs with Fixed Embedding

Patrizio Angelini, Walter Didimo, Stephen Kobourov, Tamara Mchedlidze, Vincenzo Roselli, Antonios Symvonis, Stephen Wismath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


A drawing of a graph is a monotone drawing if for every pair of vertices u and v there is a path drawn from u to v that is monotone in some direction. In this paper we investigate planar monotone drawings in the fixed embedding setting, i.e., a planar embedding of the graph is given as part of the input that must be preserved by the drawing algorithm. In this setting we prove that every planar graph on n vertices admits a planar monotone drawing with at most two bends per edge and with at most 4n−10 bends in total; such a drawing can be computed in linear time and requires polynomial area. We also show that two bends per edge are sometimes necessary on a linear number of edges of the graph. Furthermore, we investigate subclasses of planar graphs that can be realized as embedding-preserving monotone drawings with straight-line edges. In fact, we prove that biconnected embedded planar graphs and outerplane graphs always admit such drawings, and describe linear-time drawing algorithms for these two graph classes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-257
Number of pages25
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015


  • Curve complexity
  • Fixed embedding
  • Monotone drawings
  • Planar graph drawing
  • Polynomial area

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics


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