Marek's disease (MDV) virus is mainly known for the induction of visceral lymphomas and lymphoid infiltration of peripheral nerves. Recently, additional tropism for the central nervous system has been recognised as a distinct feature of disease induced by very virulent MDV isolates. During the analysis of changes in the peripheral blood leukocyte subpopulations in chickens infected with either a virulent (HPRS-16)or a very virulent (C12/130) strain of MDV, we observed a marked monocytosis in chickens infected with C12/130. Perivascular cuffing in brain and mononuclear cell infiltration into the meninges-of chickens infected with C12/130 were associated with the appearance of the monocytosis from 6-10 days post-infection. Our results show that a peripheral blood monocytosis may be a contributory factor in establishing or accelerating the severity of mononuclear infiltration into the meninges and perivascular spaces in the brain during infection by very virulent C12/130 strain of MDV.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Animals
- Animal Science and Zoology
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)