PURPOSE IDH mutations occur in about 30% of patients with cholangiocarcinoma. Analysis of mutations in circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) can be performed by droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR). The analysis of ctDNA is a feasible approach to detect IDH mutations. METHODS We isolated ctDNA from the blood of patients with IDH-mutated advanced cholangiocarcinoma collected at baseline, on therapy, and at progression to isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) inhibitors. RESULTS Of 31 patients with IDH1R132 (n = 26) or IDH2R172 mutations (n = 5) in the tumor, IDH mutations were detected in 84% of ctDNA samples analyzed by ddPCR and in 83% of ctDNA samples analyzed by nextgeneration sequencing (NGS). Patients with a low variant allele frequency of ctDNA detected by NGS at baseline had a longer median time to treatment failure compared to patients with high variant allele frequency of ctDNA (3.6 v 1.5 months; P = .008). Patients with a decrease in IDH-mutated ctDNA on therapy by ddPCR compared with no change/increase had a trend to a longer median survival (P = .07). Most frequent emergent alterations in ctDNA by NGS at progression were ARID1A (n = 3) and TP53 mutations (n = 3). CONCLUSION Detection of IDH mutations in ctDNA in patients with advanced cholangiocarcinoma is feasible, and dynamic changes in ctDNA can correspond with the clinical course and clonal evolution.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||JCO Precision Oncology|
|State||Published - 2022|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research