Monitoring damage growth and topographical changes in plate structures using sideband peak count-index and topological acoustic sensing techniques

Guangdong Zhang, Pierre A. Deymier, Keith A Runge, Tribikram Kundu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Some topographies in plate structures can hide cracks and make it difficult to monitor damage growth. This is because topographical features convert homogeneous structures to heterogeneous one and complicate the wave propagation through such structures. At certain points destructive interference between incident, reflected and transmitted elastic waves can make those points insensitive to the damage growth when adopting acoustics based structural health monitoring (SHM) techniques. A newly developed nonlinear ultrasonic (NLU) technique called sideband peak count – index (or SPC-I) has shown its effectiveness and superiority compared to other techniques for nondestructive testing (NDT) and SHM applications and is adopted in this work for monitoring damage growth in plate structures with topographical features. The performance of SPC-I technique in heterogeneous specimens having different topographies is investigated using nonlocal peridynamics based peri-ultrasound modeling. Three types of topographies – “X” topography, “Y” topography and “XY” topography are investigated. It is observed that “X” and “XY” topographies can help to hide the crack growth, thus making cracks undetectable when the SPC-I based monitoring technique is adopted. In addition to the SPC-I technique, we also investigate the effectiveness of an emerging sensing technique based on topological acoustic sensing. This method monitors the changes in the geometric phase; a measure of the changes in the acoustic wave's spatial behavior. The computed results show that changes in the geometric phase can be exploited to monitor the damage growth in plate structures for all three topographies considered here. The significant changes in geometric phase can be related to the crack growth even when these cracks remain hidden for some topographies during the SPC-I based single point inspection. Sensitivities of both the SPC-I and the topological acoustic sensing techniques are also investigated for sensing the topographical changes in the plate structures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number107354
StatePublished - Jul 2024


  • Geometric phase change
  • Peri-ultrasound modeling
  • SPC-I technique
  • Structural health monitoring
  • Topological acoustic sensing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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