Modulation of cardiac voltage-activated K+ currents by glypican 1 heparan sulfate proteoglycan

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3 Scopus citations


Background: Glypican 1 (Gpc1) is a heparan sulfate proteoglycan attached to the cell membrane via a glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor, where it holds glycosaminoglycans nearby. We have recently shown that Gpc1 knockout (Gpc1−/−) mice feature decreased systemic blood pressure. To date, none has been reported regarding the role of Gpc1 on the electrical properties of the heart and specifically, in regard to a functional interaction between Gpc1 and voltage-gated K+ channels. Methods: We used echocardiography and in vivo (electrocardiographic recordings) and in vitro (patch clamping) electrophysiology to study mechanical and electric properties of mice hearts. We used RT-PCR to probe K+ channels' gene transcription in heart tissue. Results: Gpc1−/− hearts featured increased cardiac stroke volume and preserved ejection fraction. Gpc1−/− electrocardiograms showed longer QT intervals, abnormalities in the ST segment, and delayed T waves, corroborated by longer action potentials in isolated ventricular cardiomyocytes. In voltage-clamp, these cells showed decreased Ito and IK voltage-activated K+ current densities. Moreover, IK showed activation at less negative voltages, but a higher level of inactivation at a given membrane potential. Kcnh2 and Kcnq1 voltage-gated K+ channels subunits' transcripts were remarkably more abundant in heart tissues from Gpc1−/− mice, suggesting that Gpc1 may interfere in the steps between transcription and translation in these cases. Conclusion: Our data reveals an unprecedented connection between Gpc1 and voltage-gated K+ channels expressed in the heart and this knowledge contributes to the understanding of the role of this HSPG in cardiac function which may play a role in the development of cardiovascular disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number120916
JournalLife Sciences
StatePublished - Nov 1 2022


  • Delayed rectifiers
  • Glypican 1
  • Hypertension
  • Long QT (LQT)
  • Protein-protein interaction
  • Transient outward current
  • Voltage-activated K currents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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