Modelling kindness

Martin Dufwenberg, Georg Kirchsteiger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Kindness is an important concept in reciprocity theory, and may matter also for other forms of motivation. We critically compare definitions proposed by Rabin (1993) and by Dufwenberg and Kirchsteiger (2004). Several reasons to prefer the latter definition are highlighted, but also a flaw (discovered by Isoni and Sugden 2018) which we show can be eliminated using a slightly revised definition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)228-234
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization
StatePublished - Nov 2019


  • Efficient strategies
  • Kindness
  • Reciprocity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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