Modeling dislocation-grain boundary interactions through gradient plasticity and nanoindentation

Katerina E. Aifantis, A. H.W. Ngan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


By considering an interface energy term in gradient plasticity an "interfacial" yield criterion, indicating the stress at which the interface begins to deform plastically can be developed. From an experimental point of view interfacial yielding has been observed during nanoindentation on an Fe-2.2weight% Si bi-crystal and a Nb polycrystal. In the present study after illustrating the interaction of a grain boundary with the grain interior for a plastically deforming bi-crystal the theoretically determined interfacial yield stress expression is fit to the nanoindentation data for Fe-2.2% Si and Nb. This fit allows first estimates to be obtained for the internal length, a key material parameter that comes into play in all gradient theories. Based on the predicted values the internal length is physically related to the dislocation source distance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-261
Number of pages11
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jun 25 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Hall-Petch relation
  • Nanoindentation
  • Size effects
  • Strain-gradient plasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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