We examine how partial coherence and wavefront curvature of beams affect interference fringes behind diffraction gratings. We simulate (1) the Talbot effect, (2) far-field diffraction, (3) Mach-Zehnader interferometers, (4) Talbot-Lau interferometers, and (5) Lau interferometers using a numerically efficient expression. We show how interference fringes in each case depend on the beam's initial width, its coherence width (transverse coherence length), and its wavefront curvature in directions both parallel and perpendicular to the grating bars. The separation between gratings and the rotational alignment of the gratings about the optical axis are also considered. The formula used for our simulations is derived using the mutual intensity function of a Gaussian Schell-model beam.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|State||Published - Jul 1 2008|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics