Mixtures of Multipoles - Should They Be in Your EM Toolbox?

Richard W. Ziolkowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Multipole expansions are an essential analysis tool in the foundations of the descriptions of the electromagnetic fields radiated by electric and magnetic sources. Nevertheless, practical antenna systems generally rely on them as an academic explanation, not as a fundamental building block. An overview of the recent surge in interest in multipole sources and their fields to achieve useful radiated and scattered fields with, for example, high directivities in preferred directions is given. Topics include Huygens sources, dielectric-based Mie-tronics, edge-singularity multipoles, and exotic metamaterial-inspired superdirective lenses and radiators. While there has been a never-ending stream of physics publications, little has happened in the engineering electromagnetics community. I will try to answer the title with examples that may stimulate interest in the field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-188
Number of pages35
JournalIEEE Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation
StatePublished - 2022


  • Antenna theory
  • Antennas
  • Directive antennas
  • Electromagnetic fields
  • Electromagnetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Mixtures of Multipoles - Should They Be in Your EM Toolbox?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this