Mitochondrial energy metabolism and redox signaling in brain aging and neurodegeneration

Fei Yin, Alberto Boveris, Enrique Cadenas

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

163 Scopus citations

Abstract

Significance: The mitochondrial energy-transducing capacity is essential for the maintenance of neuronal function, and the impairment of energy metabolism and redox homeostasis is a hallmark of brain aging, which is particularly accentuated in the early stages of neurodegenerative diseases. Recent Advances: The communications between mitochondria and the rest of the cell by energy- and redox-sensitive signaling establish a master regulatory device that controls cellular energy levels and the redox environment. Impairment of this regulatory devise is critical for aging and the early stages of neurodegenerative diseases. Critical Issues: This review focuses on a coordinated metabolic network - cytosolic signaling, transcriptional regulation, and mitochondrial function - that controls the cellular energy levels and redox status as well as factors which impair this metabolic network during brain aging and neurodegeneration. Future Directions: Characterization of mitochondrial function and mitochondria-cytosol communications will provide pivotal opportunities for identifying targets and developing new strategies aimed at restoring the mitochondrial energy-redox axis that is compromised in brain aging and neurodegeneration. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 20, 353-371.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-371
Number of pages19
JournalAntioxidants and Redox Signaling
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Mitochondrial energy metabolism and redox signaling in brain aging and neurodegeneration'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this