Mitochondrial calpain 10 is degraded by Lon protease after oxidant injury

Matthew A. Smith, Rick G. Schnellmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Calpain 10 is ubiquitously expressed and is one of four mitochondrial matrix proteases. We determined that over-expression or knock-down of mitochondrial calpain 10 results in cell death, demonstrating that mitochondrial calpain 10 is required for viability. Thus, we studied calpain 10 degradation in isolated mitochondrial matrix, mitochondria and in renal proximal tubular cells (RPTC) under control and toxic conditions. Using isolated renal cortical mitochondria and mitochondrial matrix, calpain 10 underwent rapid degradation at 37 °C that was blocked with Lon inhibitors but not by calpain or proteasome inhibitors. While exogenous Ca 2+ addition, Ca 2+ chelation or exogenous ATP addition had no effect on calpain 10 degradation, the oxidants tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP) or H 2O 2 increased the rate of degradation. Using RPTC, mitochondrial and cytosolic calpain 10 increased in the presence of MG132 (Lon/proteasome inhibitor) but only cytosolic calpain 10 increased in the presence of epoxomicin (proteasome inhibitor). Furthermore, TBHP and H 2O 2 oxidized mitochondrial calpain 10, decreased mitochondrial, but not cytosolic calpain 10, and pretreatment with MG132 blocked TBHP-induced degradation of calpain 10. In summary, mitochondrial calpain 10 is selectively degraded by Lon protease under basal conditions and is enhanced under and oxidizing conditions, while cytosolic calpain 10 is degraded by the proteasome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)144-152
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 15 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Calpain 10
  • Degradation
  • Inhibitors
  • Lon
  • Renal proximal tubular cells
  • Toxicant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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