Mitigation of nonlinear fiber distortion using optical phase conjugation for mode-division multiplexed transmission

Kai Zhang, Guanjun Gao, Jie Zhang, Aimei Fei, Milorad Cvijetic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


We have investigated and proposed the use of optical phase conjugation (OPC) technique to mitigate the impact of fiber nonlinearities in mode-division multiplexed transmission systems. Numerical simulations are performed for three wavelengths, each loaded with 200 Gb/s dual-polarization 16-level quadrature amplitude modulation (DP-16QAM) format, in weakly guided two-mode fiber. It is known that differential mode group delay (DMGD) in mode-division multiplexed (MDM) transmission systems could be beneficial for system performance of MDM system with MIMO compensation in place. On the other side, for MDM system with OPC in place, the presence of DMGD may limit the overall benefits since signal power evolution per spatial modes should be symmetrical at the system midpoint in order to realize an effective compensation of the nonlinear effects. Our simulation results show that in the reference case (in the absence of DMGD), the employment of OPC module would lead to an average Q-factor improvement of approximately 10 dB. At the same time, in the presence of DMGD, an average Q-factor improvement would be ∼2.8 dB for WDM case. In addition, due to asymmetrical signal power map, the penalties induced by a periodic amplification process cannot be ideally compensated by the midpoint insertion of OPC. However, by accounting the impacts of both DMGD and asymmetrical signal power map, the insertion of the OPC system will still lead to an average Q-factor improvement of ∼1 dB for WDM channel arrangement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-174
Number of pages6
JournalOptical Fiber Technology
StatePublished - Jul 2018


  • Differential mode group delay
  • Mode-division multiplexing
  • Optical Phase Conjugation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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