MIRAC-5: A ground-based mid-IR instrument with the potential to detect ammonia in gas giants

R. Bowens, J. Leisenring, M. R. Meyer, M. Montoya, W. Hoffmann, K. Morzinski, P. Hinz, J. D. Monnier, E. Bergin, E. Viges, P. Calissendorff, W. Forrest, C. McMurtry, J. Pipher, M. Cabrera

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present the fifth incarnation of the Mid-Infrared Array Camera (MIRAC-5) instrument which will use a new GeoSnap (3 – 13 microns) detector. Advances in adaptive optics (AO) systems and detectors are enabling ground-based mid-infrared systems capable of high spatial resolution and deep contrast. As one of the only 3 – 13 micron cameras used in tandem with AO, MIRAC-5 will be complementary to the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) and capable of characterizing gas giant exoplanets and imaging forming protoplanets (helping to characterize their circumplanetary disks). We describe key features of the MIRAC-5 GeoSnap detector, a long-wave Mercury-Cadmium-Telluride (MCT) array produced by Teledyne Imaging Sensors (TIS), including its high quantum efficiency (> 65%), large well-depth, and low noise. We summarize MIRAC-5’s important capabilities, including prospects for obtaining the first continuum mid-infrared measurements for several gas giants and the first 10.2-10.8 micron NH3 detection in the atmosphere of the warm companion GJ 504b (Teff ~ 550 K) within 8 hours of observing time. Finally, we describe plans for future upgrades to MIRAC-5 such as adding a coronagraph. MIRAC-5 will be commissioned on the MMT utilizing the new MAPS AO system in late 2022 with plans to move to Magellan with the MagAO system in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGround-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IX
EditorsChristopher J. Evans, Julia J. Bryant, Kentaro Motohara
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510653498
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022
EventGround-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IX 2022 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: Jul 17 2022Jul 22 2022

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume12184
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

ConferenceGround-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IX 2022
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityMontreal
Period7/17/227/22/22

Keywords

  • Adaptive Optics
  • High Contrast
  • Mid-Infrared

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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