Military Operational Effectiveness

W. D.S. Killgore, D. M. Penetar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Sleep loss is a common reality in military operations and can significantly degrade a range of mission-relevant performance capacities. Military sleep research has focused on developing tools and techniques to measure sleep, model its effects on performance, and develop and test potential countermeasures to temporarily restore performance degraded by sleep loss. Without sleep, cognitive performance degrades about 25% for each 24-h period, but low-dose stimulants, such as caffeine, may be useful for temporarily sustaining performance. Commanders must view sleep as a critical need, and plan proactively for its resupply, just as they would for ammunition, food, or water.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Sleep
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9780123786111
ISBN (Print)9780123786104
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013


  • Actigraphy
  • Alertness
  • Caffeine
  • Combat
  • D-Amphetamine
  • Hypnotics
  • Military
  • Modafinil
  • Performance
  • SAFTE model
  • Sleep deprivation
  • Sleep restriction
  • Soldier
  • Stimulants
  • Vigilance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)


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