Background: Cerebral edema is associated with worse outcome after acute stroke; however, the minimum clinically relevant threshold remains unknown. This study aimed to identify the minimal degree of midline shift (MLS) that predicts outcome in a cohort encompassing a broad range of patients with acute stroke. Methods: Patient-level data from six acute stroke clinical trials were combined with endovascular thrombectomy registries from two academic referral centers, generating a combined cohort of 1977 patients. MLS was extracted from the original trial data or measured on computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging that was obtained a median of 47.0 h (interquartile range 27.0–75.1 h) after stroke onset. Logistic regression was performed to identify predictors of poor outcome and the minimal clinically relevant MLS threshold. Results: The presence of MLS was a predictor of poor outcome, independent of baseline clinical and demographic factors (adjusted odds ratio 4.46, 95% confidence interval 3.56–5.59, p < 0.001). Examining the full range of MLS values identified, a value of greater than 3 mm was the critical threshold that significantly predicted poor outcome (adjusted odds ratio 3.20 [1.31–7.82], p = 0.011). Conclusions: These results show that the presence of MLS predicts poor outcome and, specifically, MLS value greater than 3 mm is an important threshold across a variety of clinical settings. These findings may have relevance for the design and interpretation of future trials for antiedema therapies.
- Brain edema
- Ischemic stroke
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
- Clinical Neurology