Microtubules (MT) have a role in the intracellular response to insulin stimulation and subsequent glucose transport by glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4), which resides in specialized storage vesicles that travel through the cell. Before GLUT4 is inserted into the plasma membrane for glucose transport, it undergoes complex trafficking through the cell via the integration of cytoskeletal networks. In this review, we highlight the importance of MT elements in insulin action in adipocytes through a summary of MT depolymerization studies, MT-based GLUT4 movement, molecular motor proteins involved in GLUT4 trafficking, as well as MT-related phenomena in response to insulin and links between insulin action and MT-associated proteins.
- glucose transport
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism