Microparticle-Based Detection of Viruses

Bradley Khanthaphixay, Lillian Wu, Jeong Yeol Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Surveillance of viral pathogens in both point-of-care and clinical settings is imperative to preventing the widespread propagation of disease—undetected viral outbreaks can pose dire health risks on a large scale. Thus, portable, accessible, and reliable biosensors are necessary for proactive measures. Polymeric microparticles have recently gained popularity for their size, surface area, and versatility, which make them ideal biosensing tools. This review cataloged recent investigations on polymeric microparticle-based detection platforms across eight virus families. These microparticles were used as labels for detection (often with fluorescent microparticles) and for capturing viruses for isolation or purification (often with magnetic microparticles). We also categorized all methods by the characteristics, materials, conjugated receptors, and size of microparticles. Current approaches were compared, addressing strengths and weaknesses in the context of virus detection. In-depth analyses were conducted for each virus family, categorizing whether the polymeric microparticles were used as labels, for capturing, or both. We also summarized the types of receptors conjugated to polymeric microparticles for each virus family.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number820
JournalBiosensors
Volume13
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ebola virus
  • H1N1
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Zika virus
  • hepatitis virus
  • latex beads
  • microspheres

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biotechnology
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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