Microcrack localization using nonlinear Lamb waves and cross-shaped sensor clusters

Shenxin Yin, Huapan Xiao, Caibin Xu, Jishuo Wang, Mingxi Deng, Tribikram Kundu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Using the nonlinear interaction effect between ultrasonic Lamb waves and microcracks to detect and locate microcracks has the advantages of fast detection speed and high sensitivity. In this paper, a method for microcrack localization based on cross-shaped sensor clusters in a plate is proposed by combining nonlinear ultrasonic Lamb wave technology and time difference of arrival (TDOA) technology. The antisymmetric (A0) mode at low frequency is chosen as the primary Lamb wave to simplify the complication of the dispersion and multi-mode properties of Lamb waves. The selected mode pair (A0-s0) weakens the influence of the cumulative growth effect of higher harmonics induced by the inherent material nonlinearity on the microcrack characteristic signals. Pulse inversion technique and cross correlation function are used to extract the TDOAs of the nonlinear characteristic signals including microcrack information. The cross-shaped sensor clusters approach proposed for the first time can achieve reliable and fast microcrack localization without being affected by the duration of the excitation signal, and a priori knowledge of group velocities of primary wave modes or generated harmonics. Experimental and numerical results validate the proposed method in isotropic and anisotropic plates. This paper provides a new idea for nonlinear ultrasonic nondestructive evaluation and structural health monitoring of microcracks in plates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106770
StatePublished - Aug 2022


  • Contact acoustic nonlinearity (CAN)
  • Lamb wave
  • Microcrack localization
  • Nonlinear ultrasonic technique (NUT)
  • Time difference of arrival (TDOA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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