Microbial study of household hygiene conditions and associated Listeria monocytogenes infection risks for Peruvian women

Robert A. Canales, Amanda M. Wilson, Ryan G. Sinclair, Marcela Soto-Beltran, Jennifer Pearce-Walker, Margarita Molina, Mary Penny, Kelly A. Reynolds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Objectives: To develop an exposure and risk assessment model to estimate listeriosis infection risks for Peruvian women. Methods: A simulation model was developed utilising Listeria monocytogenes concentrations on kitchen and latrine surfaces in Peruvian homes, hand trace data from Peruvian women and behavioural data from literature. Scenarios involving varying proportions of uncontaminated, or ‘clean’, surfaces and non-porous surfaces were simulated. Infection risks were estimated for 4, 6 and 8 h of behaviours and interactions with surfaces. Results: Although infection risks were estimated across scenarios for various time points (e.g. 4, 6, 8 h), overall mean estimated infection risks for all scenarios were ≥ 0.31. Infection risks increased as the proportions of clean surfaces decreased. Hand-to-general surface contacts accounted for the most cumulative change in L. monocytogenes concentration on hands. Conclusions: In addition to gaining insights on how human behaviours affect exposure and infection risk, this model addressed uncertainties regarding the influence of household surface contamination levels. Understanding the influence of surface contamination in preventing pathogen transmission in households could help to develop intervention strategies to reduce L. monocytogenes infection and associated health risks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)899-921
Number of pages23
JournalTropical Medicine and International Health
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2019


  • Listeria monocytogenes
  • Peru
  • hygiene
  • risk assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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