Microbial risk assessment: Don't forget the children

Nena Nwachuku, Charles P. Gerba

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Quantitative microbial risk assessment is a rapidly developing field with a purpose to quantify risks of infection, disease and mortality from the environmental exposure of pathogens. It is currently being applied to the development of standards for drinking water, wastewater re-use and foods. A growing body of evidence indicates that the greatest risk of infection for enteric pathogens is for persons less than 19 years of age. Children are more likely to become ill from consumption of contaminated drinking water and recreational activities. These increased risks may be because immunological, neurological and digestive systems are still developing. In addition, children are more environmentally exposed to pathogens. For some enteric pathogens children may be the greatest at risk population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)206-209
Number of pages4
JournalCurrent Opinion in Microbiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2004


  • QRA
  • quantitative risk assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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