Methodology to Capture Children's Non-Dietary Ingestion Exposure Activities During Meal Events

Alesia Ferguson, Robert Canales, Veronica Vieira, James Leckie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


During meal events, a child's food can be contaminated through contacts with objects and surfaces, and/or unwashed hands that have chemical residues, increasing ingestion exposure of contaminants for the child. This is not surprising, given that very young children eat more with the hands than adults, are active, and play with toys and objects while eating. In addition, children's unwashed hands and toys are commonly inserted into their mouths during meal events, increasing exposure. By observing children during their meal events, information can be gathered on the frequency and duration of contacts between objects, foods, and hands, and the sequence of events before the hands, foods, or objects are inserted into the mouth. This article describes the process of refining a videotaping and video-translation methodology to capture micro-level activity time series (MLATS), in order to better quantify total exposure for young children as a result of their behavior during meal events and cross-contamination of foods and hands. These MLATS can be seen as detailed activity patterns that provide useful data, along with transfer coefficients and environmental concentration to estimate exposures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)944-958
Number of pages15
JournalHuman and Ecological Risk Assessment
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2013


  • children's eating patterns
  • children's micro-level activity patterns
  • dietary ingestion exposure
  • ingestion exposure
  • non-dietary ingestion exposure
  • time-activity data
  • video-translation
  • videotaping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecological Modeling
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


Dive into the research topics of 'Methodology to Capture Children's Non-Dietary Ingestion Exposure Activities During Meal Events'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this