Metallic wire array as low-effective index of refraction medium for directive antenna application

Rongguo Zhou, Hualiang Zhang, Hao Xin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Two-dimensional (2-D) metallic wire arrays are studied as effective media with an index of refraction less than unity (neff < 1);. The effective medium parameters (permittivity εeff, permeability μeffand neff) of a wire array are extracted from the finite-element simulated scattering parameters and verified through a 2-D electromagnetic band gap (EBG) structure case study. A simple design methodology for directive monopole antennas is introduced by embedding a monopole within a metallic wire array with neff <1 t the antenna operating frequencies. The narrow beam effect of the monopole antenna is demonstrated in both simulation and experiment at X-band (8-12 GHz). Measured antenna properties including reflection coefficient and radiation patterns are in good agreement with simulation results. Parametric studies of the antenna system are performed. The physical principles and interpretations of the directive monopole antenna embedded in the wire array medium are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5325867
Pages (from-to)79-87
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2010


  • Electromagnetic band gap
  • Index of refraction
  • Metallic wire array
  • Metamaterial
  • Monopole antenna

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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