Mental Health in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Youth

Stephen T. Russell, Jessica N. Fish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

745 Scopus citations


Today's lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth come out at younger ages, and public support for LGBT issues has dramatically increased, so why do LGBT youth continue to be at high risk for compromised mental health? We provide an overview of the contemporary context for LGBT youth, followed by a review of current science on LGBT youth mental health. Research in the past decade has identified risk and protective factors for mental health, which point to promising directions for prevention, intervention, and treatment. Legal and policy successes have set the stage for advances in programs and practices that may foster LGBT youth mental health. Implications for clinical care are discussed, and important areas for new research and practice are identified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)465-487
Number of pages23
JournalAnnual Review of Clinical Psychology
StatePublished - Mar 28 2016


  • Gender identity
  • LGBT
  • Sexual orientation
  • Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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