Men Navigating Inward and Outward Through Depression

Jeffery L. Ramirez, Terry A. Badger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Understanding of depression among men remains poor. When compared to women, men remain under diagnosed for depression and continue to commit suicide four times the rate of women. This grounded theory study explored the social psychological process that occurred in men who suffered from depression. Nine men participated in the study that ranged in age, educational level, and marital status. The theory that emerged from this study was Navigating Inward and Outward Through Depression. This study uncovered six stages men navigated through: being different, concealing feelings disconnecting, hitting bottom, acknowledging and confronting and healing with others. This study advances our understanding of men and depression by providing meanings to the behaviors men express when depressed. Based on these findings, further research can lead to better screening tools and early diagnosis of depression in men.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-28
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of psychiatric nursing
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health


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