Medical color displays and their color calibration: Investigations of various calibration methods and tools and potential improvement in color difference ΔE

Hans Roehrig, Syed F. Hashmi, William J. Dallas, Elizabeth A. Krupinski, Kelly Rehm, Jiahua Fan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Our laboratory has investigated the efficacy of a suite of color calibration and monitor profiling packages which employ a variety of color measurement sensors. Each of the methods computes gamma correction tables for the red, green and blue color channels of a monitor that attempt to: a) match a desired luminance range and tone reproduction curve; and b) maintain a target neutral point across the range of grey values. All of the methods examined here produce International Color Consortium (ICC) profiles that describe the color rendering capabilities of the monitor after calibration. Color profiles incorporate a transfer matrix that establishes the relationship between RGB driving levels and the International Commission on Illumination (CIE) XYZ (tristimulus) values of the resulting on-screen color; the matrix is developed by displaying color patches of known RGB values on the monitor and measuring the tristimulus values with a sensor. The number and chromatic distribution of color patches varies across methods and is usually not under user control. In this work we examine the effect of employing differing calibration and profiling methods on rendition of color images. A series of color patches encoded in sRGB color space were presented on the monitor using color-management software that utilized the ICC profile produced by each method. The patches were displayed on the calibrated monitor and measured with a Minolta CS200 colorimeter. Differences in intended and achieved luminance and chromaticity were computed using the CIE DE2000 color-difference metric, in which a value of ΔE = 1 is generally considered to be approximately one just noticeable difference (JND) in color. We observed between one and 17 JND's for individual colors, depending on calibration method and target. As an extension of this fundamental work 1, we further improved our calibration method by defining concrete calibration parameters for the display, using the NEC wide gamut puck, and making sure that those calibration parameters did conform, with the help of a state of the art Spectroradiometer, PR670. As a result of this addition of the PR670, and also an in-house developed method of profiling and characterization, it appears that there was much improvement in ΔE, the color difference.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPenetrating Radiation Systems and Applications XI
StatePublished - 2010
EventPenetrating Radiation Systems and Applications XI - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Aug 2 2010Aug 5 2010

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X


OtherPenetrating Radiation Systems and Applications XI
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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