Mechanical ventilation in the covid-19 patient

Katelin Morrissette, Skyler Lentz, Jarrod Mosier

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


For patients with severe COVID-19, mechanical ventilation may be required to achieve adequate oxygenation. There is ongoing controversy surrounding the underlying pathophysiology and classification in regard to ventilatory strategies. In this chapter we present a summary of current literature and offer an evidence-based practical approach to mechanical ventilation for the emergency physician to utilize when faced with initial or complex ventilatory scenarios. This approach to mechanical ventilation for COVID-19 patients is grounded in the same principles guiding therapy for all-cause acute respiratory distress syndrome and lung protective ventilation. Outcomes, controversial strategies, and complications are discussed as well.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCritical Care of COVID-19 in the Emergency Department
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9783030856366
ISBN (Print)9783030856359
StatePublished - Nov 17 2021


  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
  • COVID-19
  • Intubation
  • Lung protective ventilation
  • Mechanical ventilation
  • Respiratory failure
  • Ventilator
  • Ventilator induced lung injury (VILI)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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