Mechanical behavior of porcine thoracic aorta in physiological and supra-physiological intraluminal pressures

Mobin Rastgar Agah, Kaveh Laksari, Soroush Assari, Kurosh Darvish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Understanding the mechanical behavior of aorta under supra-physiological loadings is an important aspect of modeling tissue behavior in various applications that involve large deformations. Utilizing inflation-extension experiments, the mechanical behavior of porcine descending thoracic aortic segments under physiological and supra-physiological intraluminal pressures was investigated. The pressure was changed in the range of 0-70 kPa and the deformation of the segment was determined in three dimensions using a custom-made motion capture system. An orthotropic Fung-type constitutive model was characterized by implementing a novel computationally efficient framework that ensured material stability for numerical simulations. The nonlinear rising trend of circumferential stretch ratio λθ from outer toward inner wall was significantly increased at higher pressures. The increase in λθ from physiological pressure (13 kPa) to 70 kPa was 13% at the outer wall and 22% at the inner wall; in this pressure range, the longitudinal stretch ratio λz increased 20%. A significant nonlinearity in the material behavior was observed as in the same pressure range, and the circumferential and longitudinal Cauchy stresses at the inner wall were increased 16 and 18 times, respectively. The overall constitutive model was verified in several loading paths in the λz - λθ space to confirm its applicability in multi-axial loading conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)326-336
Number of pages11
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2017


  • Aortic injury
  • Fung hyperelastic model
  • Inflation-extension
  • Material characterization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering


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