Measures of effectiveness for S.T.E.M. Program: The Arizona science of baseball

Ricardo Valerdi, Jose Monreal, Daniel Valenzuela, Kenji Hernandez

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) outreach programs are becoming increasingly popular and widespread, providing the necessary opportunity to engage K-12 students in these fields. However, it is unclear what the best measures of effectiveness are for these types of programs. It is known that behavioral, academic, and changes in career-related choices can be observed among STEM program participants but limited objective evidence exists to support the goodness of any single measure. Moreover, the reliability of the data sources, namely the youth, parent, teacher, or administrative records that provide key information about the program experience is unknown. There are also short-term (e.g., improved grades, improved selfconfidence) and long-term (e.g., removal of barriers to advancement in math and science) outcomes which present even more difficulties in determining the ideal measures of success. This paper explores these issues in the context of a STEM outreach program called the Arizona Science of Baseball, managed by the University of Arizona, employing systems engineering principles. Participants in a 2012 pilot program were 7th and 8th grade students from Mansfield Middle School in Tucson, Arizona which provide a useful case for testing and evaluating a variety of measures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1053-1061
Number of pages9
JournalProcedia Computer Science
StatePublished - 2013
Event11th Annual Conference on Systems Engineering Research, CSER 2013 - Atlanta, GA, United States
Duration: Mar 19 2013Mar 22 2013


  • Effectiveness measures
  • Outcomes
  • Outreach programs
  • STEM
  • Science of baseball
  • System engineering principles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Measures of effectiveness for S.T.E.M. Program: The Arizona science of baseball'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this