Measurements of the microwave spectrum and structural parameters for benzene chromium tricarbonyl

S. G. Kukolich, S. M. Sickafoose, L. D. Flores, S. M. Breckenridge

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17 Scopus citations


Microwave spectra for four isotopomers of benzene chromium tricarbonyl were measured in the 4-17 GHz range using a Flygare-Balle type pulsed beam spectrometer. Rotational constants obtained are B(52Cr)=732.8886(6) MHz and B(53Cr)=732.8966(3) MHz. Asymmetric top spectra were observed for a single 13C substitution on the benzene ring giving B( 13C-bz)=729.9606(3) and C(13C-bz)=727.9024(2) MHz. For a single 13C substitution on one of the carbonyl carbons B( 13CO)=731.9036(8) and C(13CO)=729.1657(8) MHz. Since no effects of possible internal rotation were observed on the 13C asymmetric top spectra, we can place a lower limit on the V6 potential for internal rotation of V6>4.0 THz (=1.6 kJ/mole). The centrifugal distortion constants are small, Dj=0.05 kHz and D JK=-0.05 kHz, indicating a fairly rigid structure. The 53Cr quadrupole coupling strength is low, eqQ(2(53Cr)=-12. 11(1) MHz, indicating a near octahedral charge distribution around the Cr atom. Structural parameters obtained are the center of the benzene chromium distance r(Cr-bz)=1.67(2) Å, the chromium-carbonyl bond length r(Cr-CO)=1.86(1) Å and the OC-Cr-CO interbond angle α=88(1)°.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6125-6128
Number of pages4
JournalThe Journal of chemical physics
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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